Device Drivers for the sound and network cards

The following steps are for the updating of sound card and network card drivers.

Step one click Start, click the control panel.

Step two type into the top right hand corner update driver and click om Update device drivers.


Step three click on sound, video amd game controllers, then cyberlink webcam virtual driver.


Step four the cyberlink webcam virtual diver properties will appear, click on driver and browse for driver software on the computer.





I installed the software Google Chrome for a browser.


The first step was to click the save file to download Google Chrome.

The second step was clicking on the ChromeSetup.exe to launch the total Chrome installer.


The last step was clicking the yes to install Google Chrome when prompted and when the installation stopped ChromeSetup.eve appeared in the downloads file.


Office Suite

Step one find the product key, this is required for the installation of the office 2010. If previously purchased use a free key retrieval program such as Produkey.

Step two insert the office 2010 disc or download the installer from Microsoft.


Step three start the setup program, this should automatically once the disc has been inserted but if using the downloaded installer the program should be founf in my downloads.


Step four enter the computers product key.

Step five follow the prompts in the installer which will allow for the user to choose which products that they can install and those that they don’t need to.


Step six finish the installation.

Relevant Equipment


Step one Connect the keyboard and mouse.

To connect the keyboard and mouse to the computer via the USB ports.  Both keyboards and mouse could be wireless however they make have receivers which will allow for them to be plugged into the USB ports.

There are two different coloured USB ports which are either the black or blue ports, the blue ones are the newer USB 3.0 standard, these are best reserved for the fast storage devices for example hard drives and USB flash drives.

Ideally the user would want to plug the keyboard and mouse into the USB ports which are located at the back of the PC rather than in the front.

There are green and purple connectors also in PC’s for the keyboard and mouse but these days they are rarely used.

Step 2 Connect the monitor

Monitors have a variety of standards by how they connect to PC’s however the main ones are HDMI, VGA and DVI. If there is a choice it would be ideal to choose HDMI or DVI as VGA is not a digital connection.

HDMI cable send both video and audio to a monitor. DVI cables send only video from PC to the monitor. If the monitor has only a VGA input but the PC doesn’t have a VGA output then a VGA to DVI converter will be required.

Step 3 is connecting the network

If the PC does not have built in Wi-Fi then the user will need to connect a network cable a network cable so that they can gain internet access. If the PC does not have wireless networking or isn’t close to a broadband router a powerline network adaptor may be required.

Connect speakers/headphones and a microphone


Step one locate the computer’s audio-out port, on desktop PCs this port is found usually at the back of the CPU whereas iMacs have 3.5 millimeter headphone jacks on the back of the monitor.

Step two is finding the microphone jack, it is the same size as the headphone jack of 3.5 millimeters and it usually has an image of a microphone next to it. If connecting a device for a separate microphone input then the microphone port will need to be known. The USB ports can double as an audio-in connection.

Step three, determine whether or not a converter is required. If you have a new set of speakers and are using them with an old computer then an optical to RCA adapter may be needed as the computer will only support RCA or headphone input.

Step four, plug your device into a power source if required. Speakers and condenser microphones will highly need a power source, this may be a wall socket or computer’s USB port.

Step five plug the device into the computer, the devices main unit should have an audio cable which allows it to plug into your audio output port.

Step six test the device, play videos or music to find out if the audio output is working, try to make a recording with the microphone.



I am continuing my work in the IT technical department in Coleg Ceredigion. I’ve been asked to set up a computer for a new member of staff and it needs to have certain hardware and software components installed on it and it needs to be configured specifically for that specific user. Also it should be tested before it i given out to the member of staff to make sure that it is working as it should.


Installing a Sound Card

First step is to ensure that you require a need for a sound card as nearly all moddern computers have sound cards built into their motherboards. To check if you have a sound card you need to look fo the speaker jacks on the back of the computer. But sound cards are only necessary if the user needs audiophiles and recording studio computers or if older computers do not have it built into them.

Step two, power doen the computer and remove all of the cables. Place the compter on its side on a table with the ports on the back closest to the table. The ports are connected to the motherboard meaning that having them close to the table will allow the user to get to the motherboard when the case is opened.

Step three, remove the side pannel on the computer. Most new cases these days have thumbscrews buy the user may require a Phillips head screwdriver as the screws run down the back of the computer. Remove the pannel on the opposite side of the motherboard and set it up.

Step four, make sure that you have grounded yourself, do nottoch metal as you may discharge any eletrostatic buildup and this may leed you to run the risk of damaging the components.

Step 5, clean the dust by using comprested air.


(The sound card is the black card see in the image above)

Step 6, to install the sound card locate the PCI slots, they are typically white and there may be 1-5 of them. These slots line up along side removable panels that are on the back of the case.

Step 7, remove any existing sound card. If you are removing an old card first then having the two cards installed at the same time will lead to hardware problems. Remove the screws securing the card to the case and pull the card directly out of the slot.

Step 8, insert the new card, make sure that the notches in the slots line up with the card pressing them firmly stright down. Don’t force the card into the slots and ensure that the ports on the back line up with the bay opening.

Step 9, secure the card with screws by putting one into the metal tab and this will secure the card to the computers chassis.

Step 10, connect the sound card to the CD/Drive. Some older types may connect to the CD/DVD drive with a smaller cable.

Step 11, Close the case by returning the side pannel to the computer and securing it. Plug the cables back in.

Installing a network card

Firstly the case of the computer needs to be opened and this should be done when the power is off. Make sure you have an antistatic wrist strap that is attached to your wrist so you can be grounded while working on the Pc.

Step two, take the network card and install it into one of the PCI slots by aligning the guide notches with the PCI slots.


Step 3, press straight down on the network card with gentle pressure until the card fits completely onto the PCI slot.


(The network card is the green card in the image above)

Step 4, secure the network card with a single screw so that it can be attached to the Pc.


Installing an extra RAM module

The first step is to find out what type of RAM is required for the computer as there are a variety of models and speeds. The RAMs type depends on the computer’s motherboard. In order to now what RAM to use the motherboard, computers documentation or manufacturer website needs to be checked for the specifications of the RAM to make sure that it will be compatible with the hardware of the computer.

Step two is checking how many sockets in the computer you have for RAM. A motherboard has a limit to the number of RAM sticks that can be installed for example some can have only two spaces to support RAM whereas others can support six or more. Motherboards can also have limits on the amount of memory that they can support and this doesn’t matter on the number of slots it has.

Step three is browsing the prices of the RAM from the different varieties of manufacturers and their prices ranges and the manufacturers vary in quality. The most reliable companies are as the following, Corsair, Mushkin, A-Data and OCZ.

Step four is making a purchase, once deciding on the manufacturer pick the ram that you want. When buying desktop RAM the SDRAM need to be bought. For example to install 8GB of RAM the user will either need to install two 4GB sticks or four 2GB sticks.

Step five is to shut the computer down, unplug the computer and any peripherals that are connected to the computers for example the monitors, keyboards or mice.

Step six is opening the computer case, this is done by laying the computer tower on its side so that the motherboard can be accessed when the side panel is removed. To remove the panel on some computer cases a Phillips head screwdriver may be required.

Step seven is discharging any static which remains in the computer while changing the computers systems. Ensuring that your body does not have a build up of static means that the static does not damage computer parts or the human changing the computer parts. So before changing the computer parts grounding ones self is required and this is done by using an anti-static wrist strap.



Step eight is locating the RAM’s sockets, most motherboards have 2 – 4 RAM slots. The RAM slots RAM sockets are located typically by the CPU but their location can vary depending on the manufacturer or the type of model.

Step nine is to remove the old RAM in the case of upgrading, when replacing the RAM, the old RAM is removed by releasing the clamps on each side of the socket.

Step ten is tacking the RAM out of its protective packaging, the RAM needs to be carefully removed from its packaging. To avoid damaging the RAM do not touch the contacts on the bottom of the RAM or the circuitry on the motherboard.

Step 11 is to insert the RAM into its slot. This is done by lining up the notch in the RAM to the slot. Put it into the slot and apply an equal pressure onto the RAM to make sure that the RAM